[RC5] Chloroform Used To Build Quantum Computer
Karl G - NOC Admin
ovrneith at tqgnet.com
Wed May 6 12:30:18 EDT 1998
This appeared on Bootwire yesterday.... er, i think we need a few. ;)
Chloroform Used To Build Quantum Computer
IBM's Almaden Valley Research Center and two of the Bay Area's top
universities have turned the carbon and hydrogen molecules of chloroform
into the world's first quantum computer.
In a traditional binary computer each bit has a definite state--either 1
or 0. But in the quantum world, a bit is both 1 and 0. The benefit is that
instead of systematically traversing a tree of possible solutions, the
computer examines virtually every possible combination at one time. In
other words, a quantum computer can be several orders of magnitude faster
than any computer used today.
Although practical application won't surface until probably the year 2020,
finding prime numbers for cryptography missions, and enormous database
queries are two areas of interest currently being investigated. For
example, IBM took an 8 trillion byte snapshot of the world-wide-web, and
searched for a single word. On a regular binary PC, the hunt took a month
to find the result; on a quantum computer however, the search would take a
measly 27 minutes.
So why chloroform? For one, it's one of the simplest organic molecules and
two, it's highly stable. Because of this, researchers were able to create
the system at room temperature, without having to use a super-cooler, as
all previous experiments had required.
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